L. 110: What was Thompson’s theory of the relationship between sanctions and slavery?

John Thompson was born into slavery in Maryland in 1812. He was sold and leased out to many different masters and mistresses until he escaped at the age of 25. After his freedom, he married and joined a church, but since there was a high risk of being reclaimed and dragged back into slavery, he worked as a steward on a ship for a couple years before returning to his family,when it seemed safe enough.
So the question is “What was Thompson’s theory of the relationship between sanctions and slavery?” First of all, the term “sanctions” can either be good or bad but the word on its own is usually seen as a negative word, to impose penalty or punishment. So there were two kinds of slave owners, one with positive, the other with negative sanctions.
Those with negative sanctions beat their slaves unmercifully. They even whipped without cause and just for the pleasure of it, on which we should all agree, is unjust. This not only physically harmed their slaves, but this action is also a major discouragement to the slaves. Feeling unmotivated to work and dislike toward their master or mistress which can be extended to the point of wishing to kill or be killed. Thompson shares that one slave, a hard working and earning man, was whipped and tortured so brutally, that while he was recovering he expressed his wish to kill the man who had whipped him then be hanged afterward, an end to his problems and misery. Thompson shared these same feelings at one point but was stopped since the man, he wished to end, died in a fire.
Owners with positive sanctions, disciplined their slaves if needed, and chose to reward for doing good instead of punishing for doing bad. This way of acting will make the slaves more motivated to work more and keep them in a both mentally and physically good shape. I believe that using positive sanctions are better than negative sanctions. It not only helps the slave but also the owner too. The slaves work better and the relationship between the two could be great.
You might be thinking then, why did most slave owners use negative sanctions when using positive sanctions could be a win-win? I think it is the minds of the owners. They saw the colored race as inferior to them. So they wanted to make the slaves’ lives as miserable as possible, constantly reminding them that they were different and that they were under the power of the whites.

L.105: What would I do in my autobiography that is different from what Darwin did?

Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12 in 1809 and died on April 19, 1882. He was a naturalist, geologist, and biologist, despite his father’s protests and wishes which leans toward the career of a doctor. As Darwin lived on, he created an autobiography, The Autobiography of Charles Darwin. As many people create their own opinions from reading the book so have I. Reading the autobiography, I found something quite clear, the one point I would advise. If Darwin could have created his autobiography more exciting then maybe more people would find his book much easier to comprehend and less boring. 

Darwin’s book is quite fictional, a great recounting of his whole life, explaining what happens here and there. One of the things I noticed is that there is little dialogue if any. A lot of people, including me, tend to look more for dialogue perhaps where the most exciting parts happen. So Darwin’s book is way to narrative. In my autobiography, I should include dialogue but not too much. Too much dialogue is almost as bad as too much narrating. The best is to keep both, narrating and dialogue, level and using both where needed.

    Another complaint is what Darwin speaks of. His autobiography is made mostly of his books and his accomplishments which isn’t mostly anyone’s choice of literature. What I would wish for is that he spoke of different events that may have occurred in his life. He could have included other interactions that didn’t always include interactions with book publishers or others. At the beginning which begins with his childhood is more colorful than the rest of the book, filled with incidents which are what readers usually take an interest in.

    About the ending, Darwin uses up lots of space on focusing on the downside of life sickness and working. Perhaps he could have been more bright in his book, not always bringing the reader down in his gloom.

    To conclude this, Charles Darwin’s autobiography is a bit too narrative, dull, negative, or in other words, boring. I will try in my autobiography to make it not as dull and keep the reader reading until the very end!

L. 100: Should I include reconstructed speeches in my autobiography?

Depending on how you use reconstructed speeches, it can seem wrong or okay. For instance, plagiarism is when you take someone’s work and copy it as your own. That form of using reconstructed speeches isn’t the right way to do things. People can get in serious trouble for plagiarizing so using reconstructed as a part of my own word for word autobiography is wrong.

In your autobiography, sometimes you want to relate to something someone said or wrote and put it down as a “quote”. I’ve read several stories that refer to the quotes, for instance, the series of Inkheart actually include quotes of every chapter. They didn’t use it as part of their actual story or pretend that they had created the quote. They wrote down the quote and the name of the person who created the quote below it so that we know who wrote the captions.

Now, we all collect information from reading articles, books, the Internet, Wikipedia and all that. There’s no way we can write something without using information that we got from one of those but that is not called plagiarism. That is, as long as you put it in your own words. Putting things in your own words is taking the information of an article or website and shifting it to where it has the same meaning but looks and reads like a different sentence. A lot of kids decide to use plagiarism to make their assignment easier which is very true, but is it right? Taking someone else’s work that they worked hard on and making it your own, taking the credit for something you didn’t do?

A lot of famous people will agree and like I will right now, I am going to write the quotes word for word and then show who wrote it:

“Most plagiarists, like the drone, have neither taste to select, industry to acquire, nor skill to improve, but impudently pilfer the honey ready prepared, from the hive.”  – Walter Colton

Saying that plagiarism is like stealing the honey from a bee hive who worked hard to make that honey only to have it stolen.

“There is much difference between imitating a man and counterfeiting him.” – Benjamin Franklin

“Borrowed thoughts, like borrowed money, only show the poverty of the borrower.”  – Lady Marguerite Blessington

These are great quotes and hopefully, you can see the differences of reconstructed speeches as I have shown.

L. 95: Write a 100-word report on who your target audience should be for your autobiography.

First off, as a first audience, I would choose myself and trust myself to pick points that I should correct. Then I would choose my parents. Seeing themselves as strangers in the audience, they will criticize exactly what they think is wrong and show me what other real strangers would see and pick out. Moving things up a notch, I can have my whole family as an audience. Even if they won’t be as honest as my parents, I can practice my speech, posture, expressions, and more in front of a larger group. For now, my target audience are my parents. They are honest with the fact that they want me to do better and do my best.

L.90: What benefits would I get from writing an autobiography?

Writing an autobiography is writing a book about you. Your life, your family, your issues, your skills so you should already tell that this can give you other benefits from making an autobiography. Let’s look at them.
First of all, you will save your family’s history. Your book can be passed down from generation to generation and read by them so they all can know how their descendant’s life was. Reading your autobiography can also inspire others to write too. It can influence and help their way of writing from the style, the format, and everything else from your book. It will also educate the reader, reading from your point of view and seeing what you’ve experienced, they can learn life lessons.
Writing your autobiography will make you go back and remember all the things that happened. One of the memories can show your resentment toward someone, family or friend. Looking back on your past, it’s best to resolve and reconcile with your old feelings and perhaps the person themself. For example, your mother made you give your allowance to church or a friend humiliates you in front of everybody It will help you develop a better understanding of yourself and self-awareness.
As you look back on your life, you will see the bad. You will also see the good that can create a self-satisfaction in your life. You will lose your doubts about yourself and accept yourself fully as who you are. You can be happy with your life not uncontent and self sympathetic. It will bring up memories that give you a self-consciousness and bring smiles to your faces.
The last reason is not as deep as others. First off, you can have a publishing contract with the traditional book publisher although that may be difficult for you unless you are a celebrity, already a best-selling author, or have an extraordinary story at hand. If you don’t want a publishing contract, you can always look at the website for self-publishing. Or if not, you can take it easy and share it on social media or blogs. If you’re lucky, your story will be recognized and you can advance into the publishing stage. Don’t forget that your story needs to be great and worth publishing before you go for it. If and when you get your story published, you will get small sums of money from selling your autobiography.
These are the main reasons why you should write your autobiography. Even if you don’t have a great life with jaw-dropping events or astounding times, it is a great way of self-reflection and enhancing your writing skills.

L.70: Was Washington’s view of the future also my view of the future?

    Booker T. Washington was a smart hardworking man from his childhood as a slave to his adulthood, founder of Tuskegee Institute. He worked hard and sacrificed a lot to have a successful future. At first, when Booker was freed from slavery, as he was the child of a slave therefore the child was a slave, he had very little promise to life. The only thing he could do was labor. When he overheard men talking about an institute, Hampton Institute, in a coal mine, he makes up his mind and goes on his way to attend the Institute after bidding his dear mother farewell. The problem was that he didn’t have enough money to pay for Hampton institute since his mother was poor and so was the free man she married. So, instead of going straight to school, he set off for jobs to create enough of a sum of money to pay for his school. For the time being, he stopped by a woman, Mrs. Ruffner, who agreed to let him live with her while he could do school and get an education. she was rumored to be ill-tempered and strict but as time grew, Booker learned to see the woman as family. He stayed with her for about a year and a half before tearfully deciding to move on.

He went underground where he found men cargo lifting in a ship. He approached the captain and asked to work for him in exchange of a small amount of money. The captain kindly agreed and provided shelter and food for Booker as well. After several days, he finally resolved to make his way toward the Institute where he gave himself the surname “Washington”. He was given the opportunity to teach at Hampton afterward by General Armstrong and later on, recommended Booker to Tuskegee Institute although he was asked to recommend a white man. After that he became leader over the Tuskegee Institute.

Under Booker’s leadership, the Tuskegee Institute became a famous leading school for both colors, black and white. Booker was very successful and turned out to have a colorful future. Fr me, I don’t know what will happen out int he future and if mine will be dull or colorful. All I know is that hard work is what Booker did to earn his success.

L.65: Was Washington’s program an elitist program?

Booker T. Washington had developed a school, not only for whites, but blacks as well. Of course he felt that it was unjustified for only whites to get a proper education just because of their skin color. Now, I would call this an elitist program. People getting special treatment because of their wealth, looks, ranks, or, in this case, skin color. However, was Booker’s school an elitist program? Yes, Booker had made a school to be only for blacks in the city but would you normally call this an elitist program? I, myself, aren’t sure of this. Are elitist programs normally counted as something bad? Booker had made a school only for blacks while someone had made schools only for whites so was it fair now? Or is there still some injustice in this situation? I don’t believe that what Booker made was a bad idea. Colored people just needed an education just as much as the whites did. Booker’s school did give specialize the blacks but he whites were getting the same, just in a different location, in a different school. So, in my perspective Booker’s school is not really an elitist program.

L. 60 What were Booker’s most memorable moments?

Booker T. Washington’s most memorable moments takes place around the time from when he enrolls into Tuskegee Institute till after he gets his own schools for anyone, not just white people, working at a steady pace. He starts when he overhears two men in the coal-mine, where he works, talking about a school in Virginia, Hampton Institute. He proposes the idea to his mother and although she is sad, she accepts her son’s goals and sends him off, tearfully wishing him good luck with his studies. Now keep in mind that Booker was born as a slave, so when him and his Black family were released after the Civil War, they didn’t specifically have a reasonable amount of money. In that case, how in the world could Booker be accepted in a popular expensive institute, and still manage well? Yes, it was a bit of a struggle- no it was a big struggle for Booker to keep his studies under him, and his tuition under control but before we leap in too far in lets start from the beginning. After, Booker’s mom sent him off, Booker didn’t go straight to school and neither did he go back home. Walking the way to Hampton Institute, he stopped and actually live with a woman, he called Mrs. Ruffner, for around a year and a half. At first he was nervous and scared. Mrs. Ruffner had a reputation for being strict and perhaps not so nice; however, he got to understand how she lived. He tried to meet her standards, cleaning the dirty, cleaning the broken, and so forth. He go tto trust and see her as his firend as she go to trust him. This relationship did not break his goal to Hampton. In 1872 he set off, unsure of the directions.
One day, he was looking as to where he would sleep. He checked his surroundings, making sure no one was watching , and without further redo, climbed through a man-made hole in the street. During his night underground, he saw heavily-built men lifting cargo off a large ship. He approached the captain and offered in exchange for little money. The captain generously agreed and provided Booker with small shelter and a bit of food. After some days of working on the ship, Booker decided that it was time to continue his way toward the Institute. He bid his new friend good-bye and went on his way. Now if you didn’t this already, Booker gave himself the surname”Washington” when he enrolled into school. When Booker was finally enrolled into Tuskegee, he managed fine. With a little money from his own work and some from his brother, John, he did well on his own. He worked hard and succeeded with his education. In fact after school, he started opening school around where he lived for the colored people to join in. Being the leader and teacher of a small school to taking care of a large building filled with teachers and students was a huge leap. Booker became famous and his history is written in many books and articles.

L.55 What were Booker’s views on the slave system?

Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Virginia, unsure of his date of birth. He lived with his mother and remembered that his mother had a half brother and sister and he, himself, had a brother and sister; however, in those days he was not very aware of family records, not to mention the the black family records. He also knew little of his father. He just knew that he was a white man who did not interfere in Bookers life or take the least interest in him either. Him and his mother attracted attention from their owner, and attracted the same way a new horse or cow would, which is how they got to be there in the first place. He explains that the colored slaves, including his ancestors, went through suffering and torture, being deported from Africa to America in the slaves ships. Going back to his birth, Booker was born in a cabin, a fourteen by sixteen square feet. He lived with his mother and sibling till they were declared free, after the Civil War. They lived in a cabin with just raw earth for a floor, no windows, and an unstable door, if it were to be called a door at all. Along with all the gaps and openings, there was a “cat-hole” in which the cat could access through, making the little home all the more uncomfortable. Several wooden boards covered a large deep hole in the center where they stored sweet potatoes in the cold weather. Most of the cooking took place over the fire place, for there were no stoves or ovens. Only in the white people’s large houses.
His mother, like other slaves, did not pay much attention to her children and only took a few moments with them before heading out to work. She would leave to work while him and his brother would sleep on filthy rags on the hard dirt floor. One night, he found his mother cooking a chicken late at night. Many would have seen it to be thievery because she had obviously taken it from no where but their owner. However there was good reason for it and Booker claims that she was just a victim of the slavery system. He states that he was asked to talk about the sports or hobbies he engaged in, but he never devoted himself to play, not a moment of time. He also never got a proper education although he did carry books for his young mistress to the school house, and the sight of children sitting and learning made a great impression him. If they ever did, he could not and can’t remember them ever sitting down to worship God or eat in a civilized manner.
The colored people showed great sympathy and tenderness to their masters or mistresses. Every time they were wounded, they would be anxious to assist them and would ask for the privilege to stay with them through the night and help.
Booker recalls having to wear a piece of clothing called a flax shirt. It was made of the cheapest and roughest material. He describes the feeling of a hundred pin points in contact with his flesh. This added to the pain he felt, but he had no choice but to wear it unless his generous brother, John, offered to wear for him for several days. Booker had many outlooks on slavery as he experienced it for the first years of his life. Luckily, they were released after war, where Booker sought an education and became successful, attending Tuskegee University despite his low wealth.

L.50 What literature changes you in a major way?

Several books and literature make me have a deep and better understanding of a certain thing but it never really has effected me in a major way. I’ve read, in the English autobiography, a story on a man named Sergei Kourdakov. He was a Russian man who persecuted Christians. Little did he know that one day he would become a believer himself. When he started praying and reading the Bible, I realized how awful he must have felt. The guilt would have been unbearable for, the fact that I, now a believer, used to beat and hurt them. In the end, he ends by apologizing to the Believers, who stood out, and it touched me;however, I didn’t feel that effected too where I would change my way of thinking or acting. I’ve read Heidi where her heart is shattered to be taken from her grandpa, to a place that was totally different than what she was used to. I can picture myself in her situation and how devastated I would be. I’ve read the Indian Captive were a young American girl is taken captive by Indians. She adapts soon and grows attached to her new home while I would probably never adapt. I’ve read through Little House on the Prarie where Laura Ingalls and her family go through several moments of fear, happiness, sorrow, etc. Also compared to modern day life, we don’t have to go and hunt for food or have to wash our own clothes, build our own house. Helen Keller went deaf and blind, Will Smith grew broke after having bought several cars and motorcycles, Macbeth murders Duncan, scary ghosts visit Scrooge, Tom Sawyer and Huck get involved with a murderer, Jim Lehrer gets a heart attack, and the list goes on. All of these don’t affect me in any major way. I may feel sympathy for this character or sorrow for that one, but don’t ever change anything about me. I may collect more information like how it feels to have a heart attack (Jim Lehrer) or how to grow or make food (Little House on the Prarie) or that we can actually live with being deaf or blind (Helen Keller) despite what we think about living that way. There are some though that are supposed to apply to life as it is and I have read a couple of those. One of them, Teenage Liberation Book, that was assigned in the ABC( Academic Boot Camp). It is written by a woman who explains and compares public school and homeschool. I read through it and although it was sort of boring and repetitive of the same thing, I got the idea. To be honest, I already knew what it was going to be about and my parents always talk to me about things like these so there was nothing really new. It was sort of entertaining and proved many points that I already new but didn’t know how to point it out or prove it. It was a really good book and I still have too. I wouldn’t really say it changed me since I already knew a lot about it and in the first place literature doesn’t really effect me in a big way. Things like talking, speeches, and videos; however, books don’t effect me that way. Not yet.